The tissues in the brain are supplied with a large amount of blood even in normal times. If the blood supply to the brain is reduced due to blockage of the blood vessels in the brain due to various causes, the brain cells that were supplied with blood through the blood vessels may be damaged and cerebrovascular diseases such as stroke may occur. A cerebral infarction is a type of stroke. It refers to a disease in which blood vessels in the brain are blocked and the brain tissue in front of it is necrotic, and is also called ischemic stroke. The main cause of cerebral infarction is when the blood flow to the brain is blocked due to atherosclerosis. It can be said that high blood pressure, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia act as major risk factors for atherosclerosis in blood vessels. In addition, it is reported that cerebral infarction can also occur when a blood clot is formed inside the blood vessel due to sequelae such as cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, and myocardial infarction. . It is reported that the age group over 60 with high cholesterol has many risk factors for cerebral infarction, and the incidence rate is high in the cold winter, when blood vessels constrict. Now, let’s learn about the various prognostic symptoms of cerebral infarction and various methods related to prevention.
cerebral infarction symptoms
The main prognostic symptom of cerebral infarction is hemiparesis, in which one part of the face is paralyzed, and facial paralysis, in which the entire face is paralyzed. In addition, it can be said that there are various symptoms such as weakness in the arm, numbness in the senses, and dysarthria, which is a phenomenon in which pronunciation is slurred. In addition, various symptoms such as headaches, visual disturbances, dizziness, and convulsions are also among the diseases that occur at the onset of cerebral infarction. All of these different symptoms can occur in a single ischemic stroke, but only a few are present. Since the symptoms of cerebral infarction appear suddenly, it is important to receive appropriate treatment as soon as possible after the onset of symptoms. It is said that the aggravation of the symptoms of cerebral infarction and the occurrence of related complications can be minimized if treatment using a thrombus-dissolving agent and treatment such as thrombus removal within 3 hours after symptom onset is not missed. Cerebral infarction more often occurs without aura, but as there are cases where aura appears, it is important to seek treatment promptly if the above-mentioned various symptoms occur. And as it is known that 80% of strokes can be prevented by controlling well-known risk factors, various management habits that will help prevent strokes should be continuously maintained.
How to prevent and manage cerebral infarction
1. Eat foods that are good for blood vessels
In order to prevent cerebral infarction, it is important to regularly consume a variety of foods that are excellent for helping the smooth blood circulation of the brain. In particular, it is necessary to constantly consume foods rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are excellent in preventing the formation of blood clots in blood vessels and minimizing risk factors such as atherosclerosis. Fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardines, cod, anchovies, saury, and tuna, nuts such as almonds and walnuts, and various foods such as flaxseed and avocado are representative foods high in omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids. In addition, green leafy vegetables such as kale, broccoli, and spinach are rich in brain health nutrients such as beta-carotene, lutein, vitamin K, and folic acid, so you need to consume them regularly. In addition, various foods such as berries such as blueberries and raspberries, tomatoes, and carrots also belong to a group of foods that prevent blood clots from forming and help blood circulation in the brain.
2. Control high-calorie and high-fat food intake
Contrary to the various foods introduced above, a diet that consumes an excessive amount of high-calorie and high-fat foods on a regular basis acts as a risk factor for cerebral infarction. Therefore, excessive consumption of high-calorie and high-fat meat cuts, processed meat, instant food, and fast food should be reduced. In addition, it is known that smoking increases blood catecholamines and causes arteriosclerosis, which increases the risk of stroke by two to three times, so you should make a habit of quitting smoking. Also, excessive drinking and binge drinking should be avoided because excessive drinking increases the risk of stroke by causing cardiac arrhythmias, abnormal myocardial contraction, high blood pressure, and cerebral vasoconstriction.
3. Regular exercise
Continuous aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, or cycling, improves blood flow and plays an important role in preventing the formation of blood clots, a risk factor for cerebral infarction. Therefore, it is recommended to do it for about 30 minutes, 3 days a week. However, at low temperatures, blood vessels constrict and there is a high risk of blood vessels bursting. Therefore, it is recommended to avoid outdoor exercise and early morning exercise in the cold winter if you are elderly or have related diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia.
Other preventive practices
To prevent cerebral infarction, you should get enough sleep and avoid overwork. It is also very important to consistently implement various methods for stress relief and management. Also, special attention should be paid to places where there is a sudden change in temperature or where there is a change in blood pressure. In addition, high blood pressure, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and heart disease are known to be highly related to the onset of cerebral infarction, so continuous management and treatment are required.