A bruise refers to red blood cells flowing out of blood vessels due to damage to muscles or soft tissues due to external shocks or blunt force. When blood vessels are torn or ruptured, the surface of the skin turns dark red or blue with red blood cells discharged, and after 5 to 10 days, it turns brown and gradually disappears in the form of pale yellow. Bruises caused by bleeding within the capillaries are called petechiae, and bruises caused by continuous petechiae or bleeding from veins are called ecchymosis. And multiple petechiae and ecchymosis are also called purpura.
It is known that these bruises are caused by bruises in most cases, but there are differences depending on the individual, such as some people get bruising even when the strength of the impact is weak, and some people don’t even get a strong impact. In addition, it is known that various diseases such as liver disease and leukemia have a significant effect on bruising. Now, let’s take a look at the reasons why bruises are common and the various methods that can help you get rid of bruises quickly.
Reasons for bruising
It is known that the cause of bruising varies from person to person even if there is a traumatic impact due to the skin tissue. For this reason, it is said that people with thin skin tissue bruise more easily. And women with thin skin tissue are more prone to bruising than men. However, when both men and women enter middle age, the fiber that supports and protects blood vessels begins to be destroyed naturally, so they are more prone to bruising than when they were young.
Prolonged exposure to sunlight can also act as a factor in the formation of bruises. This is because the elastic fibers and connective tissues that support blood vessels are weakened by strong ultraviolet rays. In addition, bruising can occur easily due to congenital weakness of capillaries, liver dysfunction, thrombocytopenia, leukemia, lymphoma, and steroid use. is said to be higher.
Usually, bruises caused by bruises disappear spontaneously within 2-4 weeks, but if you bruise frequently or bruises for a long period of time without any particular trauma, you can suspect that it is caused by various diseases mentioned above. When blood clotting factors are not produced normally due to liver disease due to liver disease, or when abnormalities in the thyroid gland or platelets occur, red blood cells flow out of the blood vessels even with a light shock, leading to bruises. Therefore, if bruising occurs frequently for no specific reason and the bruising period lasts more than 2 weeks, it is important to diagnose and treat the underlying disease through various tests.
How to get rid of bruises fast
1. Egg Massage
As long as the bruising is not caused by the underlying disease and persists, it is said to help a lot in getting rid of the bruise in an easy way in life. First, it can be said to be a massage using eggs. When an egg is rubbed over the bruised area, it is said to have an oval shape of the egg, which activates blood circulation and disperses the clotted blood, effectively removing the bruise. In particular, it is said that bruising occurs more easily because the skin tissue of the eye tissue is thinner than in other areas. However, massage with eggs on the day of the bruise can stimulate the damaged blood vessels even more, so it is best to massage after a day or so after the torn blood vessels are clogged to some extent.
2. Cold and warm compresses
Applying a cold compress to the bruise can help a lot to get rid of it quickly. It is said that the cold energy emitted during cold compresses the damaged blood vessels and prevents red blood cells from escaping out of the blood vessels, thereby reducing bruising and spreading. However, if you apply this cold compress for too long, your skin may be irritated, so it is recommended to apply it 3 times a day for 5 to 10 minutes. It is also recommended to apply cold compresses immediately after bruising, and after 2-3 days of bruising, apply warm compresses to promote blood circulation and help the bruises go away. Please note that it is appropriate to apply a warm compress for about 20 minutes at a time.
3. Use of potato pack
Potato packs using raw potatoes can be a good way to get rid of bruises quickly. It is said that the solanine component contained in the raw potato works effectively to break down the bruises that spread under the skin. Grinding ginger and putting it on the bruised area for 20 to 30 minutes can help get rid of bruises and edema at the same time.
4. Get enough vitamins
Eating foods rich in vitamins is also said to help a lot in getting rid of bruises quickly. In particular, when various vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C and vitamin K are consumed regularly, they help the skin tissue formation and blood circulation.
Also, eating meat and shellfish rich in zinc, a trace mineral that helps the body’s essential functions, including cell proliferation and differentiation, prevents blood from escaping from the blood vessels and helps to get rid of bruises quickly. In addition, if the bruised area is placed higher than the heart, it reduces the release of red blood cells from the blood vessels and prevents the bruise from spreading laterally.