Dandruff refers to the formation of gray or white scales of cells that have fallen off the scalp. It is divided into two categories: dry dandruff, which occurs when the scalp is dry, like dead skin cells, and oily dandruff, which occurs in people who secrete a lot of sebum and have large, yellowish pieces of keratin.
When dandruff occurs, the main symptom is the formation of small, dry or oily, keratinized patches on the scalp and at the same time causing itching. In addition, if the symptoms gradually worsen, symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis accompanied by dead skin cells on the forehead and nose, including the cheeks, may appear. In particular, since seborrheic dermatitis is known as a skin disease that is directly related to hair loss, careful management and attention are required to prevent worsening of symptoms. Now, let’s take a closer look at the main causes of dandruff and various information on how to prevent and get rid of it.
Causes of Dandruff
The main cause of dandruff is the overgrowth of a fungus called Ptyrosporum ovale, one of the normal bacteria on the skin. It is said that the proliferation of these bacteria weakens the function of the immune system that protects the skin, causing dandruff. In addition, various factors such as hormone imbalance, excessive secretion of sebaceous glands, and excessive proliferation of scalp cells are also known to affect the occurrence of dandruff.
In addition, excessive mental stress, prolonged exposure to a polluted environment, and rapid weight loss within a short period of time can also cause dandruff. In addition, gastrointestinal disorders, constipation, nutritional imbalance, shampoo residue after washing hair, and excessive supply of nutrients to the scalp are also known to be related to the occurrence of dandruff, and skin-related diseases such as psoriasis, ringworm, seborrheic dermatitis It has also been known to be caused by several diseases of
When such dandruff is produced excessively, it can be accompanied by a lot of stress due to the superficial symptoms. In addition, if you are working in front of a large number of people, or if you are engaged in a job such as service or sales, it can act as a negative part, such as leaving an untidy impression on the outside.
In addition, if the symptoms are more severe, the oxidation of sebum may cause a strong smell, and the probability of leading to scalp acne, scalp rashes and hair loss increases, so more careful management and preventive habits are important. In addition, if you have a scalp disease that can accompany dandruff, such as psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis, and the symptoms do not improve, it is important to visit a hospital for an accurate diagnosis of the cause and receive appropriate treatment.
How to prevent and get rid of dandruff
1. Keep the scalp clean
To prevent the occurrence of dandruff and at the same time maintain the cleanliness of the horny part of the scalp, it is recommended to wash your hair cleanly and prevent hair from drying out. It is said that it is appropriate to wash your hair once a day, and it is recommended to comb your hair before washing it. It is also recommended to gently massage the scalp in lukewarm water. However, it is recommended to refrain from washing your hair too hard using your fingernails, as it can make symptoms worse. Also, when washing your hair, it is said that using a medicinal shampoo containing antifungal agents 2-3 times a week will help get rid of dandruff. It is said that it is a good way to reduce the use of hair products such as mousse, wax, and spray that can irritate the scalp as much as possible. In addition, after shampooing, the residue left after not washing thoroughly can affect the occurrence of dandruff, so rinsing is also an important management habit.
2. Get enough sleep and stress control
Various environmental factors such as irregular life patterns and overwork are also known to affect the occurrence of dandruff. Therefore, it is important to recover from fatigue and prevent deterioration of physical condition by getting enough rest and sleep. In addition, mental stress also causes dandruff to develop and worsen symptoms, so it is important to manage habit to properly control and relieve it through exercise, walking, and hobbies.
3. Healthy Eating
In order to prevent and eliminate the occurrence of dandruff, a healthy diet containing various vitamins and minerals is very important. In particular, it is said that regular intake of various foods such as seaweed, seaweed such as seaweed, kelp, and seaweed, and green vegetables such as spinach, mugwort, and water parsley can help relieve symptoms. In addition, regular intake of various fruits such as apples, grapes, pears, and peaches, nuts such as walnuts, beans, tofu, milk, and blue fish is said to help prevent and relieve symptoms of dandruff.
It is also important to drink enough water, as it can cause dandruff by drying the scalp and hair when the supply of moisture in the body is insufficient. On the other hand, it is recommended to control intake because it is not good to consume too much of spicy, salty, and stimulant foods that contain fructose. In particular, in the case of dandruff, it is recommended to properly control the intake, as excessive consumption of high-fat and oily foods can cause worsening of symptoms.