Hallux valgus is a foot disease in which the shape of the foot is deformed because the big toe is tilted too much toward the little toe. It is known that the tendon in the big toe bone deviates from its normal arrangement due to various causes, or the joint is deformed by stretching the joint capsule surrounding the joint. Hallux valgus causes pain and inflammation not only as a cosmetic problem, but also causes pain and inflammation by repeatedly rubbing the protruding part of the shoe against the shoe. It is known that the occurrence of hallux valgus is caused by a combination of genetic and acquired factors. Genetically, it is known that wide feet or flat feet are more likely to develop valgus. . As such, the occurrence rate is high in women who frequently wear narrow and high-heeled shoes due to the characteristics of the cause. Now, let’s learn about the main symptoms of hallux valgus, as well as various information related to treatment and prevention. Main symptoms of hallux valgus
The symptoms of hallux valgus are that the joint protrudes inward as the big toe curves toward the second toe, and pain occurs in the protruding part of the toe joint. In addition, the protruding joint may be stimulated when standing or walking, causing redness, calluses, and pressure ulcers at the same time. In addition, pain can occur in other parts of the foot because the original function of the big toe, which provides momentum when walking and supports the body, is compromised. If the symptoms get worse, there may be a deformity in which the joint protrudes on the little toe side as well. If valgus hallux is not treated properly and you continue to wear narrow, high heels and shoes that do not fit your feet, not only the deformation of the big toe, but also inflammation of the joints, pain and deformation of other toes and feet can become worse. In addition, if symptoms are left unattended for a long time, the risk of secondary diseases such as ankle ligament damage and knee arthritis and herniated discs increases. Therefore, it can be said that it is important to receive an appropriate diagnosis at an early stage before symptoms become severe, and to continue treatment and management according to the diagnosis result.
How to treat and prevent hallux valgus
1. Diagnosis and treatment
Hallux valgus can be diagnosed by its external deformity. A more appropriate treatment plan, measurement of the deformed angle, and radiographic examination are performed to observe whether there are degenerative changes in the joint. And depending on the diagnosis result, if hallux valgus is not severe, conservative treatment is performed using an orthosis or corrective padding between the toes in order to control symptoms and delay deformation. In most cases of hallux valgus with no symptoms and a small degree of deformity, surgery is not required. However, if the deformity is severe, considering the age and the degree of deformity, cutting the bone in the protruding area and surgical treatment to adjust the length of soft tissues and ligaments may be considered.
2. Minimize wearing shoes that put strain on your feet
In order to prevent hallux valgus, it is necessary to minimize the burden on the feet, and for that, it is good to wear shoes that do not put too much pressure on the cheeks. It is recommended to wear comfortable shoes with a low heel and wide toes instead of high heels or high heels with a narrow front. If you have foot deformity, consulting with a specialist and wearing shoes that can be corrected may be a good way to help improve symptoms. Also, it is important not to put any strain on the ankles, soles, and toes when standing, and it is important not to put weight on the entire foot when walking.
3. Implement a habit to relieve foot fatigue
It is also important to relieve foot fatigue for prevention and management of hallux valgus. After returning from a lot of activities or going out, it is recommended to massage, massage, or stretch your feet to reduce fatigue. In addition, soaking your feet in warm water and taking a foot bath for 15 or 20 minutes is known to help relieve foot fatigue, so it is recommended to do it consistently.