The eyelids, also called eyelids, are the wrinkled skin above and below that covers the front part of the eyeball. It not only regulates the light entering the eye, but also protects the eye from the outside and distributes tears to make the cornea transparent and moist. Stye is an acute bacterial infection that occurs in the Zeiss gland at the root of the eyelashes, the meibomian gland that regulates the secretion of lipids from the eyelids, and the water glands. It is largely classified into inner stye, which occurs inside the eyelid, outer stye, which occurs on the surface of the eyelid, and bean stye, which causes an inflammatory reaction as the entrance of the meibomian gland is blocked and necrotic tissue and secretions that cannot be discharged normally accumulate.
The main cause of eye stye is infection of the auxiliary and lacrimal glands of the eyelids by staphylococcus. In addition, it is said that wearing eye makeup that causes severe irritation for a long time, failure to wash off thoroughly after makeup, and wearing contact lenses that are neglected in hygiene management also have a great influence on the occurrence. In addition, when the body’s immune system is weakened due to overwork or stress, it has been known as a trigger factor affecting the occurrence of eye stye. Now, let’s take a closer look at the main symptoms of sty and various information on treatment and prevention.
Main symptoms of eye stye
It is characterized by slightly different symptoms depending on the type of eye sty. The most typical symptom of sty is that the eyes are itchy and red. Afterwards, the edges of the eyelids swell, causing pain, the area hardens, and an abscess is formed. Since the stye is located deep in the eyelids, it is not palpable at first, but gradually causes great pain as time goes by. Bean stye has a characteristic that hard nodules are felt under the eyelid skin, and symptoms such as pain and redness of the skin do not appear.
Depending on the part where these symptoms occur, there are cases where they recover naturally over time, but if the symptoms worsen, the entire face may swell due to severe pain and the formation of an abscess, and inflammation may spread to surrounding tissues. can be. Therefore, it is important to visit a hospital and receive appropriate treatment if the symptoms worsen and the pain becomes severe and the abscess gradually hardens. Treatment of sty is performed using antibiotic cream, antibiotic eye drops, and antibiotics according to the prescription of a specialist. Also, when styes occur, you need to be careful because pus can spread to other parts if you squeeze it with your hands.
Eye Stye Treatment and Prevention
1. Warm compress
If the symptoms of eye stye do not progress severely and are in the early stages, using a bag filled with warm water and applying a warm compress 5 to 6 times a day for 15 to 30 minutes can help relieve symptoms. Also, it is said that if you wet your hands in warm water at about 45°C and rub them gently from the inside to the outside of your eyes, it has a good effect in relieving symptoms. It is said to be effective in relieving symptoms and preventing in advance by helping the discharge of oil accumulated on the eyelids. And if itching and pain appear in the red, swollen area, cold compresses for a while will help relieve the symptoms.
2. Hygiene management
It is said that even more careful personal hygiene and paying attention to eye stye can help a lot in preventing it in advance. Washing your hands frequently is a very important management habit for hygiene management, and it is especially important to wash your hands after going out. It is also recommended to reduce frequent rubbing of your eyes with your hands, and if you need to touch them, wash your hands thoroughly before touching them.
3. Control the use of contact lenses
If the symptoms of stye appear, wearing contact lenses can make the symptoms worse, so it is recommended to increase the time of wearing glasses rather than lenses. If it is unavoidable to wear lenses, it is recommended to shorten the wearing time as much as possible. In addition, if you apply eye makeup when symptoms appear, it is recommended to be careful as the frequency of touching your eyes increases, which stimulates the eyes and blocks the oil glands of the eyelids, which can make the symptoms worse.
4. Diet and lifestyle to increase immunity
As the decrease in immunity is also known as the main cause of making the person vulnerable to eye sty, it is important to continuously implement a diet to develop such immunity. It is very important to eat vegetables and fruits rich in various vitamins such as vitamins C and E, minerals such as zinc, and various antioxidants to increase immunity. In addition, it is said that it is also helpful to constantly consume various foods such as carrots, berries, and blue-green fish, which are rich in vitamin A, anthocyanin, omega-3 fatty acid, astaxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin, which are beneficial for eye health. It is recommended to consume.
In addition, factors such as overwork, stress, and lack of sleep are also among the main culprits for lowering immunity, so it is important to get enough rest and sleep to prevent deterioration of physical condition and to develop immunity at the same time. On the other hand, alcohol is known to be a factor that aggravates inflammation and worsens the symptoms of sty, so it is said that you should not drink it during treatment.