The herpes virus belongs to the Herpes virus family and refers to a virus with double-stranded linear DNA. There are more than 80 species, but eight of them are known to cause disease in humans. Herpes virus infection is a herpes simplex virus disease caused by infection with the herpes simplex virus, also known as the herpes simplex virus. Once infected, it is a chronic infection in which the virus remains dormant inside the body for a lifetime.
The most common cause of herpes is infection with the herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2. The virus is introduced through the mucous membrane of the skin or damaged skin, proliferates within the skin, and then penetrates the surrounding nerve cells. After that, it exists in a dormant state, and when stimulated by various factors such as stress, heat, and a decrease in immune function, it moves to sensory nerves and causes symptoms to appear in other mucosal areas.
Herpes can be said to be the most widespread viral infection, with infection confirmed at a rate of 60 to 95% of normal adults worldwide, and the proportion of patients with herpes virus infection in Korea is high. In particular, it is known that herpes occurs more in women than in men, and it is reported that the incidence rate is high in the elderly with poor immune function or in the age group under 10 years old. Now, let’s look at the main symptoms of herpes and various information about treatment and management in more detail.
Herpes main symptoms
As mentioned above, herpes is divided into type 1 and type 2. In case of infection by type 1 herpes virus, it initially appears as stomatitis and sore throat, and when it recurs, herpes simplex occurs around the mouth, including the mouth, lips, roof of the mouth, and mucous membranes in the oral cavity.
In addition, in the case of infection by type 2 virus, it appears as blisters in the genital and anal areas, and when infected for the first time, it is characterized by fever, muscle pain, fatigue, and feelings of helplessness. In addition, symptoms such as enlarged lymph nodes in the neck can be said to be one of the main symptoms that occur in type 2.
Although these herpes can be cured naturally by keeping the lesions dry and clean, there may be cases that lead to related complications when the symptoms worsen. In particular, when herpes infection by type 1 occurs in the eyes, keratoconjunctivitis and corneal ulcers may occur, and if it spreads to the central nervous system, encephalitis may occur. In addition, meningitis caused by herpes simplex can lead to fatal consequences that can lead to death, and if the mother has herpes infection, it can lead to infection of the fetus during childbirth, which can cause serious sequelae.
Therefore, if symptoms are suspected, it is important to receive early examination and treatment through a quick visit to the hospital. In addition, as herpes is known to be a disease with a very high possibility of recurrence, steady management to improve factors that cause recurrence, such as reduced immunity, stress, and fatigue, is as important as treatment. In addition, various factors such as ultraviolet rays, sexual contact, trauma, nerve damage, and laser surgery are also factors that can cause recurrence, so more careful management and attention are required.
Herpes treatment and management
1. Implementation of treatment through early examination
The diagnosis of herpes is based on the observation of clinical symptoms, and accurate diagnosis is made through various examination procedures such as cytological examination, immunofluorescence, virus culture isolation, and use of DNA probes. Then, take an antiviral drug such as acyclovir, or administer it by topical application or intravenous injection. In addition, ointments and various antiviral agents are used for treatment, but they do not completely remove the herpes simplex virus dormant in the ganglion, and are used as a preventive effect to relieve symptoms caused by the virus or prevent recurrence.
2. Implement immunity-boosting habits
If the body is tired or the immune status is low, it can cause herpes simplex lesions on the skin and increase the risk of recurrence at the same time, so maintaining immunity is the most important thing. In addition, since herpes, which recurs due to a decrease in immune function, is more likely to lead to serious complications, keep healthy eating habits consisting of sufficient rest and sleep, appropriate exercise, and balanced nutrients that increase immunity to maintain good immunity. It can be said that it is important to maintain.
Also, excessive stress is also important as it is the main cause of the decline of immune function. In particular, as it is known that herpes simplex type 1 is highly likely to recur in cases of fever or severe stress, it is important to continue efforts to relieve stress appropriately. In addition, as herpes infection is the main cause of infection, it is important to avoid contact with other people’s bodily fluids to prevent primary infection. It is subject to management law.