Age spots, also called seborrheic keratosis, are black or brown tumors that form. The epidermal keratinocytes are similar to warts, and one dog is also formed multiple times, and it has the characteristic that it occurs on the face, neck, back of hands, and head. Also, age spots are known as one of the skin diseases that mainly occur in people over the age of 40 due to skin aging. It is reported that the number and extent of occurrence increases when the skin’s ability to defend and recover decreases with age. Now, let’s learn more about the causes of age spots and how to get rid of them.
Causes of age spots
Although the main cause of age spots has not yet been clearly identified, it is said that genetic factors such as family history have a major influence on the occurrence. It is also known that overexposure to UV rays has a significant effect on the occurrence. When exposed to ultraviolet light, the skin produces melanin pigment. As the exposure time to ultraviolet light increases, the melanin pigment is excessively secreted to protect the skin. It can be expressed in the form of
It is also said that age spots can occur during periods of excessive mental stress that causes disturbance of the autonomic nervous system of the body including lymphocytes and rapid changes in hormones in the body such as pregnancy and childbirth. Depending on these various environmental factors and specific causes, it can also occur in young people in their 20s and 30s. Since age spots do not heal naturally and may lead to skin cancer depending on the situation, it can be said that more careful management and attention are required.
How to get rid of age spots
1. Apply sunscreen
Since age spots are caused by exposure to ultraviolet rays, it is very important to minimize exposure to ultraviolet rays and apply sunscreen regularly. When going out, it is recommended to apply products with an SFP in the range of 15 to 30, which is the UV protection index, and to apply products with an SFP of 50 or higher when staying outdoors for a long time for leisure and other activities. . In addition, it is better to apply about 30 minutes before going out rather than just before going out, and it is better to apply an appropriate amount at intervals of 2-3 hours rather than applying a large amount at once. Especially in summer, it is easy to wash off with sweat, so it is recommended to apply it frequently. In addition, sunscreen is not applied on cloudy days because there is no UV rays, but it is known that about 80% of UV rays that pass through the clouds are higher than on sunny days, so it is recommended to apply it consistently regardless of the weather.
2. Moisturize the skin
In order to prevent age spots, it is important to prevent dryness of the skin as much as possible to reduce exposure to UV rays as much as possible. When the skin is dry, the ability to protect the skin due to the penetration of ultraviolet rays is reduced, and our body is said to emit more melanin pigment to defend the body from the penetrating ultraviolet rays. Therefore, it is recommended to apply a moisturizer that helps maintain moisture and provide sufficient nutrients to the skin, and at the same time, drink a sufficient amount of water a day to maintain the moisture level of the skin. In addition, applying a skin pack using cucumber or lemon slices is also said to help maintain and supply moisture to the skin.
3. Get enough vitamins
In order to get rid of age spots and prevent them from occurring at the same time, it is important to consume vegetables and fruits that contain vitamin C evenly. In particular, vitamin C is essential for the whitening effect that brightens the skin tone and the synthesis of collagen, a hard protein that makes up the skin tissue, so it is very important to consume it regularly. Citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons as well as various fruits and vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, kiwi, strawberries, red peppers, and paprika are foods high in vitamin C, so it is recommended to consume them regularly.
In addition, it is very important to eat foods rich in various antioxidants such as vitamin E, beta-carotene, and glutathione. In particular, glutathione, which performs an important function in the redox reaction, is excellent not only in removing free radicals that are the cause of age spots in the body, but also in reducing various harmful substances that damage cells and form toxins. It is known.
4. Multiple procedural treatments, such as laser treatment
Age spots can be treated with various procedures according to the diagnosis of a specialist in addition to the various methods introduced above. It is said that treatment methods such as laser treatment can be performed by closely understanding the histological differences, color, thickness, etc. Since the applicable methods vary depending on the symptoms, it is important to diagnose the condition accurately before the procedure, and to observe the progress and manage it continuously after the procedure.