The pelvis, which is composed of the gluteus maximus, tailbone, and sacrum, serves as a link between the spine and both legs, supporting weight and supporting normal walking, and protecting various internal organs from external forces and shocks. It plays an important role. When the pelvis is subjected to external shock, inflammation, or muscle damage, the risk of various related diseases increases. Pelvic inflammatory disease is one of the diseases related to the pelvis. It is known that the incidence rate is high mainly in young women in their 20s and 30s. The main cause of pelvic infection is bacterial infection such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and gram-negative cocci. Influenza bacteria, pneumococci, and group A streptococci can also cause pelvic infections, and even if cervicitis and vaginitis are left untreated, it has been known that the proliferated bacteria can proliferate through the uterus. . In addition, since pelvic inflammatory disease is closely related to the immune status of the body, it is reported that environmental factors such as irregular life patterns, eating habits, overwork, lack of sleep, and mental stress are also deeply related to the occurrence. Now, let’s learn more about the main symptoms that appear when Pelvic Inflammatory Disease occurs, and various information related to treatment and prevention.
The main symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease
The main symptom of pelvic inflammatory disease is severe pain in both pelvis and lower abdomen. Along with such pain, tenderness and muscle stiffness may appear in the uterine appendages such as the ovaries and fallopian tubes. In addition, symptoms such as fever, high fever, chills, hypocysticism, excessive menstruation, increased vaginal discharge, dyspareunia, etc. In addition, symptoms such as vomiting, nausea, and abdominal distension may occur due to the stiffness of the abdominal muscles. The symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease may vary slightly depending on the type of bacteria that causes it. In the case of gonorrhea, abdominal pain, high fever, and increased vaginal discharge may appear, and in the case of chlamydia, there are often no symptoms.
Such pelvic inflammatory disease is considered to be a simple condition of hunting and indigestion, and there are cases where it is left without proper treatment. In particular, when it is caused by Chlamydia, there are many asymptomatic cases that do not show any symptoms, so the treatment time is often missed. If treatment is delayed in this way, it may progress to chronicity, making treatment more difficult, and may cause complications such as ovarian abscess, fallopian tube obstruction, and pelvic abscess. And in severe cases, it can cause problems such as infertility and infertility, and it can progress to peritonitis, which can lead to fatal results. Therefore, if various symptoms such as pelvic pain and high fever, increased vaginal discharge, and persistent bloating of the lower abdomen appear, it is important to receive an accurate diagnosis and examination from a specialist.
Pelvic inflammatory disease treatment and prevention
1. Diagnosis and treatment
Pelvic inflammatory disease is diagnosed accurately using blood tests, ultrasonography, and laparoscopy to check for signs of inflammation in the pelvic cavity, as well as examinations to confirm symptoms. According to the diagnosis result, broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment that is effective against gonorrhea, chlamydia, gram-negative cocci, and streptococci is proceeded. Treatment is usually done through outpatient treatment, but if medication is not taken well, symptoms are severe, or if a tubal ovarian abscess, a lump of pus in the pelvic cavity, is formed, hospitalization is required. And although it is known that treatment with several antibiotics improves at a rate of about 75%, if there is no response to antibiotic treatment, surgical treatment to remove pus through the skin can be considered.
2. Get enough rest
As it is known that the incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease is high due to a decrease in the body’s immunity, it is important to ensure that the body’s immunity does not deteriorate by securing sufficient rest and sleep time. In addition, severe mental stress also causes confusion of the autonomic nervous system and abnormal secretion of hormones that should be normally secreted.
3. Maintaining a Balanced Diet
Since the body’s immunity, which is closely related to the occurrence of pelvic inflammation, is greatly affected by irregularly patterned meal times and excessive intake of foods high in fructose, artificial sweeteners, and saturated fatty acids, consumption of fatty foods, meat, and instant foods It is recommended to reduce In addition, it is also important to maintain a diet that includes high-quality protein, various vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory ingredients, such as vegetables, fruits, blue-green fish, and legumes.
It is also important to wear well-ventilated clothes, as wearing too tight clothes for a long time can impair blood flow and adversely affect the health of the uterus. In addition, regular exercise is an essential habit to develop body immunity by promoting blood circulation and normal metabolic activity. I’ll be there.