Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease in which the bronchi, the passageways leading to the lungs, become narrow due to various causes. As the bronchi are narrowed in a repetitive manner, symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness occur when breathing. Asthma, which is caused by several environmental factors, including genetic factors, is not treated properly and if exacerbations continue frequently, it can cause difficulties in daily life due to a continuous decrease in lung function. In particular, acute exacerbation of asthma can lead to serious, life-threatening emergencies, requiring careful attention and management. In order to treat these asthma symptoms, the causative factors that cause and worsen asthma and environmental therapy that avoids the exacerbating factors should be implemented first. In addition, treatment is carried out using symptom relievers that relieve narrowed bronchial tubes and disease control agents aimed at suppressing allergic inflammation and reducing the risk of pulmonary function deterioration. In addition, as asthma is greatly affected by the eating habits consumed, it is important to reduce the intake of foods that aggravate asthma symptoms and to consume foods that help relieve symptoms. So, today, let’s look at food information that is good for asthma. good food for asthma
1. Green Vegetables
In order to alleviate asthma symptoms and prevent recurrence, it is important to consume green vegetables such as spinach, kale, and broccoli continuously. Green vegetables contain a large amount of folic acid, one of the B-complex vitamins in common, and this folic acid component is said to be effective in relieving asthma symptoms. In addition, beta-carotene, an antioxidant rich in green vegetables, and various vitamins also have an excellent anti-inflammatory effect, which can help control asthma symptoms. In fact, according to a study published in the American Thoracic Society pictorial, children who consumed enough folic acid and vitamin D were eight times less likely to experience severe asthma attacks than children who had insufficient intake.
2. Citrus Fruit
Citrus fruits like oranges and lemons are also good for asthma. It is said that vitamin C, an excellent antioxidant rich in citrus fruits, can help control the symptoms of asthma by preventing inflammation of the bronchial tubes and reducing inflammation and swelling of the lungs. According to a 2017 report in the Journal of Nutrient, the results of continuous consumption of citrus fruits and apples reduced the risk and symptoms of asthma.
Nuts such as almonds and walnuts are rich in magnesium. This rich content of magnesium is a mineral that plays an important role in biochemical and physiological processes and is known to relax the bronchial muscles. Therefore, it is said to be effective in relieving various asthma symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath caused by narrowing of the bronchial tubes.
Salmon, which has been selected as one of the world’s top 10 superfoods for its excellent nutritional value, is also said to have a good effect on asthma. Salmon has a high content of omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids, which are essential fatty acids, so it can help improve asthma symptoms by alleviating inflammation. Salmon is also high in vitamin D, which helps in the production of immune cells. According to several studies, it is reported that when the blood vitamin D concentration of asthma patients is low, cough symptoms become worse.
Turmeric and other foods such as ginger, bellflower, kiwi, tomato, and pomegranate also reduce airway inflammation caused by asthma and reduce lung inflammation, thereby helping to improve asthma and prevent recurrence. food bad for asthma
ontrary to the various foods introduced above, it is recommended to reduce intake of processed foods or salted foods with a high salt content, as they can worsen asthma symptoms by reducing the blood concentration of catecholamines, which control bronchial muscles. In addition, it is recommended to control intake of fatty meats and foods high in saturated fat, as well as dairy products including milk, which can aggravate asthma symptoms.